Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Soil Moisture: A Step-By-Step Detailed Methodology using AMSR-E Data over Indian Sub-Continent

Gagandeep Singh, Hari Shanker Srivastava, Shashi Mesapam, Parul Patel


This paper presents a detailed methodology to process AMSR-E soil moisture data to generate average soil moisture maps of desired durations be it weekly, monthly or yearly over a large geographical area like a continent or a sub-continent. The paper also explores utility of AMSR-E soil moisture product (AE_Land 3 product) to understand the soil moisture variations over Indian subcontinent by analysing daily soil moisture data for entire calendar year of 2009. In order to demonstrate the developed methodology the year 2009 was selected wherein a total of 730 AMSR-E daily scenes (365 each for ascending as well as descending passes) were processed and analysed. Although the absolute values of soil moisture derived from AMSR-E are not showing good agreement with soil moisture status on ground which is due to large variability in soil moisture within the coarse-resolution cell offered by passive sensors [1] but in general AMSR-E derived soil moisture values are well explained on the basis of rainfall data and agricultural practices adopted in different states of Indian sub-continent. The soundness of the detailed methodology proposed in this paper has been well supported by studying the variations in AMSR-E derived soil moisture with seasonal variations and rainfall data. It has been observed that the soil moisture variations are in line with the seasonal changes as well as the rainfall variations.


AMSR-E; Passive Microwave Remote Sensing; Soil Moisture; Rainfall; Temporal Variations of Soil Moisture

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*2016 Journal Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2014 and 2015 with the number of times they are cited in 2016 based on Google Scholar, Google Search and the Microsoft Academic Search. If ‘A’ is the total number of articles published in 2014 and 2015, and ‘B’ is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed publications during 2016 then, journal impact factor = A/B. To know More: (