Analysis of the Fitting Accuracy of the 3d Affine Transformation Applied to Cartosat-1 (IRS P5) Satellite Stereo Imagery

Farzaneh Dadras Javan, Ali Azizi, (doi: 10.23953/cloud.ijarsg.59)


Since few years ago it has been generally accepted without any dispute that the 3D affine transformation applied to high-resolution satellite imageries (HRSI), produces results as accurate as those obtained by the RPCs derived from rigorous photogrammetric model. However, as the higher order terms are absent in the affine transformation, the degree of success of this model obviously hinges upon the geometric nature of the imagery to be geo-rectified. In authors view, there are a latent confusion and misunderstanding in the minds of the photogrammetric practitioners as regards the potential of the 3D affine transformation as a replacement model for the geometric correction of the HRSI. The main intention of this paper is, therefore, to analyse the 3D affine transformation by concentrating more on its limitations. To obtain deeper insight into the nature of the 3D affine model, it is applied to images with larger field of view as well as the images of highly mountainous terrains. The geo-coding success of the affine model is then evaluated by comparing the object coordinates of a dense cloud of homologous points derived by the affine model with the object coordinates of the same points obtained by the standard terrain-independent rational functions. Extensive tests conducted over excessively mountainous as well as the hilly terrains indicate that there are clear distortion trends in the residual ground coordinates that cannot be fully absorbed into the 3D affine coefficients. The sources of these non-linear trends such as the satellite attitude and position variations, the terrain relief, the earth curvature and their impact on the final accuracy are analysed using the scatter patterns of the residual errors.


3D Affine Transformation; High Resolution Satellite Imagery; Cartosat-1; Rational Polynomial Functions; RPCs; Geometric Accuracy; Perspective to Affine Transformation; Parallel Projection

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