GIS Mapping in Urban Slum Water Supply

Mohammad Saiful Islam, Mohammad Sultan Mahmud, Rashed Mustafa

Abstract


Water supply in slum area has been one of the most complicated tasks owing to a complexity in land tenure and rapidly changes in geography, population growth, and the uncertainties in the parameters influencing the time series and also due to the non-availability of adequate supply. Recently, geographical information system (GIS) has become quite popular and widely applied in various fields. This paper demonstrates the use of GIS to water supply in urban slum area to help and improve their quality of life (QoL). In particular, use of GIS technology to build a water supply management model in slum area. At present, in Chittagong city there are no proper water supply networks to supply the water in slum area. To illustrate the applicability and capability of the GIS, the Chittagong city, Bangladesh, was used as a case study. It is envisaged that, the proposed system can save much time, cost, and minimize the mistakes in managing operation and maintenance systems for water distribution networks.


Keywords


Geographical Information System (GIS); Quality of Life (QoL); Water Supply in Slum Area

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*2016 Journal Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2014 and 2015 with the number of times they are cited in 2016 based on Google Scholar, Google Search and the Microsoft Academic Search. If ‘A’ is the total number of articles published in 2014 and 2015, and ‘B’ is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed publications during 2016 then, journal impact factor = A/B. To know More: (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impact_factor)