Urban Ecological Balance and Planning by Applying the Methods of Bioregionalism

Jenitha Jerome, (doi: 10.23953/cloud.ijarsg.34)

Abstract


Bioregionalism is an interdisciplinary that examines interconnections and framework, determined to form a whole or complete picture of a geographically specific region. Natural balance, government, humanity, society, terrain, economics and history are all the fundamental aspects of place and integral to bioregional analysis. Bioregionalism recognizes the human place within, not outside the environment. This kind of understanding of place is essential for creating sustainable urban areas (Kate Matysek, 2004). India is an economically developing country, the phases of our country is also changing in many ways. As it grows the Carbon emission - Green House Gas is being increased which is due to urbanization and expansion of Industries which automatically reduces and pollutes the precious resources such as Water, Air, Land and Biomass. The reduction of biomass automatically is a key reason for Climate Change. Though these changes are happening worldwide, India has its vital role in this by ranking 4th in the world by emitting approximately 2,00,08,333 Kgs/Year. The associations between sustainability of the environment and new urban design are concentrated and the Urban Bioregionalism is proposed through this paper. The concept bioregionalisation is to design or to develop the city as the green city with reducing greenhouse gas. In this concept we propose three different policies which are i) Government Policy, which discusses about the part of government works and rules to develop for expanding cities. ii) Public Orientation, this explains how a group of people such as activity clubs to co-operate each other and work on Environment Sustainability. iii) Individual Activities, is to discuss how each individual have to work on waste management and reducing the greenhouse gas emission (Luccarelli, M., 1995). As we know Sustainable development over the Environment which is defined as development that meets the needs of the existing without destroying the ability of forthcoming generations to encounter their own needs. Hence, urban bioregionalisation helps to balance the ecosystem in future.


Keywords


Ecosystem; Climate Change; Sustainability; Bioregionalism; Urbanization; Biomass; Policies

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